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TRIBAL SUB-PLAN AREA (TSP AREA)

The area under the Tribal Sub Plan in Maharashtra is 50,757 sq. Kms. as against the total Geographical area of 3,07,313 sq.Kms. of the State. This works out to about 16.5 percent of the geographical area of the State. The comparative figures of the State’s population and the tribal population in the last four decades censuses are given below :-

Census Year

State’s Total Population (lakh)

Tribal Population (lakh)

Percentage

1971

504.12

38.41

7.62

1981

627.84

57.72

9.19

1991

789.37

73.18

9.27

2001

968.79

85.77

8.85

 

Area

Population(in lakh)

% against total Tribal Population

TSP

35.70

30.61

ATSP

1.44

1.23

MADA

4.70

4.03

MINI-MADA

1.14

0.97

OTSP

42.79

36.70

TOTAL

  85.77

 

Click here for TSP Area Map 

 

Click here of List of TSP Villages

The concept of drawing up a T.S.P accounting for all the flows of funds invested in the I.T.D.P. was started from 1975-76. Subsequently, the terms T.S.P and I.T.D.P. were used inter-changeably and the I.T.D.Ps were often referred to as T.S.P Areas.

Procedure for formulating the T.S.P :- The procedure followed in the State up-to 1992-93 for the formulation of the T.S.P of the State was briefly that the Planning Department used to allocate plan outlays to different administrative departments. The department in turn, used to carve out outlays for T.S.P. as per their own discretion and priorities. The concerned departments were also deciding which of the schemes, programmes and development works were to be taken up from the funds set aside for the T.S.P. There was, therefore, a feeling that the T.S.P. was merely an amalgam of the State Plan Schemes taken up in the tribal areas and emphasis was given mainly on the arithmetical figures of expenditure rather than on identifying schemes really benefiting tribals. There was no attempt to formulate the schemes in consultation with Tribal area project administration. Consequently, adequate investment was not made in the Tribal areas, particularly on the human resource development side. The level of illiteracy and poverty is still much more among the tribals (as compared to the general) population of the State.

Keeping in views the above problems and shortcomings in the formulation of the T.S.P., the State Government took up this issue with the State Planning Board before the commencement of the Eighth Five-Year Plan. The State Planning Board appointed a Sub-Committee in January 1991, under the Chairmanship of Shri. D.M. Sukthankar, a member of the Board and former Chief Secretary of the State, to study the question. The Sub-Committee submitted its report in June, 1992, According to the recommendations in this report, which was accepted by the State Government, the Planning Department now communicates a plan ceiling to the Tribal Development Department for the formulation of the T.S.P. The responsibility for finalizing the T.S.P., within the ceiling so indicated, rests with the Tribal Development Department and not with the Administrative Departments, as was the previous practice. The outlays for different schemes are now to be finally decided by the Tribal Development Department, keeping in view the actual benefits accruing to the tribal people. The schemes are now being scrutinized very carefully by the Tribal Development Department and notional outlays not directly beneficial to the tribals. i.e., outlays on State Transport, High Tension Transmission lines, etc. are not being permitted to be include in the T.S.P.

ATSP / MADA / MINI-MADA

There are in all 47 Scheduled tribes in the state. The main tribes in Maharashtra are the Bhills, the Gonds, the Mahadeo Kolis, the Pawras, the Thakurs and the Varlis. There are three tribes Viz the Kolams (Yavatmal District), the Katkaris (mainly in Thane and Raigad Districts) and the Madia Gonds (Gadchiroli District). Which have been notified as Primitive Tribes by the Government of India.

 

There are 35 Districts in the State and the tribal population is largely concentrated in the western hilly Districts of Dhule, Nandurbar, Jalgaon, Nashik and Thane (Sahyadri Region) and the eastern fores Districts of Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondiya, Nagpur, Amravati and Yavatmal (Gondwana Region).

 

As directed by the Government of India, in 1975-76 the villages where more than 50 Percent of the population was tribal , were constituted into Integrated Tribal Development Projects (I.T.D.Ps.). There were 16 such Government of India approved I.T.D.Ps. Subsequently, the villages where the tribal population was only marginally less than 50 Percent were also constituted into additional I.T.D.Ps., and these were called the Additional Tribal Sub Plan (ATSP) Blocks/ Projects. There were 4 such State Government approved ATSP projects, latter taking in to consideration the scattered population of tribals in other areas and the educational institutions being run there, I.T.D.Ps, were also sanctioned for Mumbai, Aurangabad and Akola. Consequently, making a total of 23 I.T.D.Ps, in the State, there were 23 Project Officers (P.O) in-charge of these I.T.D.Ps, in 1992, in view of the deaths in the Jawhar- Mokhada area of Thane District and the need to give closer attention to health, nutrition and employment, issue the tribal areas of Thane District was divided into three I.T.D.Ps, instead of two, thus at present, there are 24  I.T.D.Ps., with 24 Project Officers in-charge of these I.T.D.Ps.

 

In the meantime, the Government of India in recognition of the fact that there were some small concentrations of tribal population just outside the I.T.D.Ps., directed that in a group of villages having a population of about 10,000, if more than 50 Percent were tribals, the villages should be brought under the Modified Area Development Approach (MADA). Similarly, if two or three villages having a total population of 5,000 if more than 50 Percent were tribals, the same should be constituted into a clusters/ Mini MADA. In Maharashtra, there are 43 MADA Pockets and 24 Mini MADA/ Clusters. There is still considerable overlap between the ATSP and the MADA and Mini MADA/ Clusters.
 

Districts
16
Blocks
73
Villages
5691
Cities
13
Villages in ATSP
1271
MADA Pockets
43
Mini MADA Pockets
24
Villages in MADA
1233
Villages in Mini-MADA
295